Criminal Law in Kendall and Kane County
Attorney Colosimo began his early career as an Assistant State’s Attorney with the Kendall County State’s Attorney’s Office. Prior to attending law school Attorney Colosimo worked as a Probation Officer with extensive experience and exposure in the criminal court system.
To convict a criminal defendant, the prosecutor must prove the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. As part of this process, the defendant is given an opportunity to present a defense. There are many types of defenses, from “I didn’t do it” to “I did it, but …” Here are some of the most common defenses that criminal defendants can raise.
The Defendant Didn’t Do It
Most often defendants try to avoid punishment by claiming they did not commit the act in question. Yes, innocent people do get charged with crimes. Also, someone might have committed a crime but is charges with the wrong offense. These are all issues that need to be discussed with a licensed and experienced attorney. The Colosimo Law Office offers a free consultation to discuss your options.
The Presumption of Innocence
All people accused of a crime are legally presumed to be innocent until they are convicted, either in a trial or as a result of pleading guilty. This presumption means not only that the prosecutor must convince the jury or judge of the defendant’s guilt, but also that the defendant need not say or do anything in his own defense. A defendant may simply remain silent, not present any witnesses, and argue that the prosecutor failed to prove his or her case. If the prosecutor can’t convince the jury or judge that the defendant is guilty, the defendant goes free.
The prosecutor must convince a judge or jury of a defendant’s guilt “beyond a reasonable doubt.” This heavy burden of proof in criminal cases means that judges and jurors are supposed to resolve all reasonable doubts about the defendant’s guilt in favor of the defendant. With such a high standard imposed on the prosecutor, a defendant’s most common defense is to argue that reasonable doubt of guilt exists.
The Alibi Defense
An alibi defense consists of evidence that a defendant was somewhere other than the scene of the crime at the time it was committed. For example, assume that Freddie is accused of committing a burglary on Elm Street at midnight on Friday, September 13. Freddie’s alibi defense might consist of testimony that at the time of the burglary, that Freddie was watching Casablanca at the Maple Street Cinema. A ticket stub from the theater, theater surveillance cameras as well as testimony from Freddie’s friends who attended the movie with Freddie might all be introduced as evidence at trial. An experienced attorney such as Attorney Carlo D. Colosimo not only knows what questions to ask, but where to find the answers.
The Defendant Did It, But…
Sometimes a defendant can avoid punishment even if the prosecutor shows that that the defendant did, without a doubt, commit the act in question.
Self-defense is a defense commonly asserted by someone charged with a crime of violence, such as battery (striking someone), assault with a deadly weapon, or murder. The defendant admits that he or she did in fact commit the crime, but claims that it was justified by the other person’s threatening actions. The core issues in most self-defense cases are:
- Who was the aggressor?
- Was the defendant’s belief that self-defense was necessary a reasonable one?
- If so, was the force used by the defendant also reasonable?
Self-defense is rooted in the belief that people should be allowed to protect themselves from physical harm. This means that a person does not have to wait until he or she is actually struck to act in self-defense. If a reasonable person in the same circumstances would think that he or she is about to be physically attacked, that person has the right to strike first and prevent the attack. However, an act of self-defense cannot use more force than is reasonable — someone who uses too much force may be guilty of a crime. These are the exact complex legal issues that you will need to consult with the Colosimo Law Office to discuss. A trained and experienced attorney can be the difference between incarceration and freedom.
The Insanity Defense
The insanity defense is based on the principle that punishment is justified only if the defendant is capable of controlling his or her behavior and understanding that what he or she has done is wrong. Because some people suffering from a mental disorder are not capable of knowing or choosing right from wrong, the insanity defense prevents them from being criminally punished. However, this is a very complex area of the law. Professional experts will be needed to evaluate and testify.
Since the insanity defense is an extremely complex topic; many scholarly works are devoted entirely to explaining its nuances. Here are some major points of interest:
Despite popular perceptions to the contrary, defendants rarely enter pleas of “not guilty by reason of insanity.” When they do, judges and jurors rarely uphold it. Various definitions of insanity are in use because neither the legal system nor psychiatrists can agree on a single meaning of insanity in the criminal law context. The most popular definition is the “McNaghten Rule,” which defines insanity as “the inability to distinguish right from wrong.” Another common test is known as “irresistible impulse”: a person may know that an act is wrong, but because of mental illness he or she cannot control his or her actions.
Defendants found not guilty by reason of insanity are not automatically set free. They are usually confined to a mental institution until their sanity is established. These defendants can spend more time in a mental institution than they would have spent in prison had they been convicted. An insanity defense normally rests on the testimony of a psychiatrist, who testifies after examining the defendant, his or her history, and the facts of the case. Courts appoint psychiatrists at government expense to assist poor defendants who cannot afford to hire their own psychiatrists.
Once a defendant raises his or her sanity as a defense, he or she must submit to psychological tests conducted at the behest of the prosecution. This can be a very painful and humiliating experience, one that many defendants choose to forgo rather than rely on the insanity defense.
Entrapment occurs when the government induces a person to commit a crime and then tries to punish the person for committing it. However, if a judge or jury believes that a suspect was predisposed to commit the crime anyway, the suspect may be found guilty even if a government agent suggested the crime and helped the defendant to commit it. Entrapment defenses are therefore especially difficult for defendants with prior convictions for the same type of crime.
These are just a few examples of the variety of defenses and issues that may arise in any criminal case. Since criminal convictions carry not only the risk of incarceration, but also hefty fines, the loss of important rights, a public stigma as well as making it more difficult to find employment, an experienced attorney is a must in any criminal situation.
Let the Family Law Attorney of Plano, IL put his nearly 20 years of criminal law experience to work for you.